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Development at the World Trade Organization$
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Sonia E. Rolland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199600885

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600885.001.0001

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Institutional Processes: What Impact on Developing Members?

Institutional Processes: What Impact on Developing Members?

(p.213) 9 Institutional Processes: What Impact on Developing Members?
Development at the World Trade Organization

Sonia E. Rolland

Oxford University Press

The much-touted transition from the power-based system of the GATT to the law-based framework of the WTO has largely focused on dispute settlement; yet there are a number of other critical processes in play at the WTO that both foster and impede regulatory outcomes for developing countries. This chapter asks how the organizational and decision-making processes at the WTO affect developing countries' representation and participation. The premise for this enquiry is that effective participation is sine qua non to members' ability to influence outcomes. Indirectly, the way in which an organization affords its members the opportunity to influence outcomes is also a test of the organization's legitimacy. This chapter analyzes the impact of decision-making procedures on the representation of developing members, the ability of the negotiation process to foster developing countries' substantive trade interests, and the impact of emerging quasi-administrative bodies at the WTO on developing members' participation.

Keywords:   decision-making, vote, consensus, negotiations, single undertaking, rules, participation, procedure, committee, group coalition, LDC

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