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Development at the World Trade Organization$
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Sonia E. Rolland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199600885

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600885.001.0001

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The Contribution of International Organizations to Development Policy-Making

The Contribution of International Organizations to Development Policy-Making

(p.35) 2 The Contribution of International Organizations to Development Policy-Making
Development at the World Trade Organization

Sonia E. Rolland

Oxford University Press

This chapter identifies the roots of developing countries' current demands at the WTO. Development concerns have been progressively captured by international economic law and its institutions to the detriment of general public international law, a displacement that affected the substance of international trade regulation and its relationship with development. Developing countries raised very early on their concerns regarding the unequal distribution of international trade and continually sought remedies for these imbalances through traditional public international law, multilateral organizations and inter-governmental negotiations. By contrast, developed states used the IMF, the World Bank and the GATT as conduits to disseminate industrial country norms and standards within the domestic legal orders of developing states.

Keywords:   new international economic order, NIEO, UNCTAD, united nations conference on trade and development, bretton woods, IMF, international monetary fund, world bank, washington consensus, development bank, commodities agreements

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