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The Philosophy of MetacognitionMental Agency and Self-Awareness$
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Joëlle Proust

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602162

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.001.0001

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A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition

A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition

(p.110) (p.111) 6 A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition
The Philosophy of Metacognition

Joëlle Proust

Oxford University Press

What is the representational format for metacognition? This chapter first provides an overview of the philosophical approaches to the notion of representation. A propositional system of representation, its objectivity and generality, is contrasted with a featural system, where these properties are lacking. A feature-placing system represents an environmental affordance as being incidental ‘here’ and ‘now’. A feature-based system represents a knowledge affordance as being incidental ‘now’ in connection to a current task. Both are shown to involve nonconceptual in full autonomy towards conceptual contents. Fluency is shown to be regulating epistemic evaluations in perceptual and memorial tasks in non-humans. The fact that humans are also sensitive to fluency—specifically when the stakes associated with a judgement are not too high—is an important argument in favor of FBS influencing epistemic decision in a ‘System 1’ type of metacognition.

Keywords:   representational format, teleosemantics, analogue versus digital, objectivity, generality, enrichment, feature-placing versus feature-based systems, fluency

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