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The Philosophy of MetacognitionMental Agency and Self-Awareness$
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Joëlle Proust

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602162

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.001.0001

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A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition

A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition

Chapter:
(p.110) (p.111) 6 A Representational Format for Procedural Metacognition
Source:
The Philosophy of Metacognition
Author(s):

Joëlle Proust

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.003.0006

What is the representational format for metacognition? This chapter first provides an overview of the philosophical approaches to the notion of representation. A propositional system of representation, its objectivity and generality, is contrasted with a featural system, where these properties are lacking. A feature-placing system represents an environmental affordance as being incidental ‘here’ and ‘now’. A feature-based system represents a knowledge affordance as being incidental ‘now’ in connection to a current task. Both are shown to involve nonconceptual in full autonomy towards conceptual contents. Fluency is shown to be regulating epistemic evaluations in perceptual and memorial tasks in non-humans. The fact that humans are also sensitive to fluency—specifically when the stakes associated with a judgement are not too high—is an important argument in favor of FBS influencing epistemic decision in a ‘System 1’ type of metacognition.

Keywords:   representational format, teleosemantics, analogue versus digital, objectivity, generality, enrichment, feature-placing versus feature-based systems, fluency

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