Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Philosophy of MetacognitionMental Agency and Self-Awareness$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Joëlle Proust

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602162

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602162.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 13 June 2021

Mental Acts as Natural Kinds

Mental Acts as Natural Kinds

(p.148) (p.149) 7 Mental Acts as Natural Kinds
The Philosophy of Metacognition

Joëlle Proust

Oxford University Press

What are agentive mental events? An adequate characterization of mental acts should respond to three main worries: they cannot have pre-specified intentional contents; they depend crucially on receptive attitudes; intentions are rarely involved in them. Two kinds of motives must be present for a mental act to develop. The first kind is instrumental: a mental act is performed because of some basic informational need, such as the need to ‘remember the name of that play’. The second is epistemic: given the specific type of mental action performed, there is a specific epistemic norm relevant to that act. These two motives actually correspond to different norms (utility versus epistemic validity), and different phases of a single mental act. The first motivates the mental act instrumentally. The second offers an evaluation of the feasibility of the act, on the basis of its constitutive normative requirements.

Keywords:   mental act, epistemic goal, constitutive requirements, instrumental norms, error signal

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .