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The Europeanization of National Polities?Citizenship and Support in a Post-Enlargement Union$
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David Sanders, Paolo Bellucci, Gábor Tóka, and Mariano Torcal

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199602346

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602346.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 December 2021

Explaining European Identity

Explaining European Identity

(p.61) 4 Explaining European Identity
The Europeanization of National Polities?

Paolo Bellucci

David Sanders

Fabio Serricchio

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses individual and national differences in the intensity of European identity, and provides an assessment of the many factors that sustain or hinder the development of a European identification among citizens of EU member states. A model of the intensity of EU identity – comprising feelings of EU belonging and their salience – is elaborated, taking account of the various perspectives outlined above (cognitive mobilization, instrumental rationality, political mobilization, national identity), and their distinct explanatory power across the European public is examined. Socio-structural individual level characteristics as well as system-level features are found to exert modest effects on identity. Cognitive mobilization and instrumental ‘rational’ considerations are far more important in framing the image of Europe and identification with it.

Keywords:   European identity, national identity, belonging, salience, cognitive mobilization, instrumental rationality

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