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The Making of Modern TurkeyNation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950$
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Ugur Ümit Üngör

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199603602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.001.0001

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Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34

Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34

(p.107) 3 Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34
The Making of Modern Turkey

Uğur Ümit Üngör

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with three major phases of deportations of Kurds from Eastern to Western Turkey in the course of roughly two decades. It analyses how the Young Turks and Kemalists used forced population transfer as a strategy of culturally and demographically ‘Turkifying’ the country's eastern provinces. This project consisted of deporting non‐Turks away from, and settling Turks into the eastern provinces. These two vectors of population transfer geared into each other, rendering the deportations an effective tool of ‘Turkification’. The chapter draws comparisons between the three phases and emphasizes the continuity of Young Turk population policies, without overlooking the differences.

Keywords:   deportations, population transfer, Kurds, Kemalists, Turkification

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