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The Inquiring MindOn Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology$
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Jason Baehr

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199604074

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.001.0001

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Evidentialism, Vice, and Virtue

Evidentialism, Vice, and Virtue

(p.68) Chapter 5 Evidentialism, Vice, and Virtue
The Inquiring Mind

Jason Baehr

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the concept of intellectual virtue also merits a secondary or background role in connection with evidentialist accounts of epistemic justification. According to these accounts, a person's belief is justified at a given time (roughly) just in case it is supported by this person's evidence at that time. Two kinds of cases are presented which indicate that the evidentialist's condition for justification is not sufficient. The first are cases that involve defective inquiry and the second are cases that involve the “doxastic mishandling” of evidence. It is argued what these cases have in common is a manifestation of intellectual vices. The suggested antidote is a virtue‐based “proviso” or “constraint.” The resulting version of evidentialism retains the traditional thrust of evidentialism while safeguarding it against the relevant cases. An upshot of Chapters 5 and 6 is that the weaker version of autonomous character‐based virtue epistemology is viable.

Keywords:   Earl Conee, Richard Feldman, Laurence BonJour, evidentialism, knowledge and evidence, intellectual virtue, intellectual vice, epistemic justification

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