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Constructing a Policy-Making State?Policy Dynamics in the EU$
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Jeremy Richardson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199604104

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604104.001.0001

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Environmental Policy: Governing by Multiple Policy Instruments? *

Environmental Policy: Governing by Multiple Policy Instruments? *

(p.104) 6 Environmental Policy: Governing by Multiple Policy Instruments?*
Constructing a Policy-Making State?

Andrew Jordan

David Benson

Rüdiger Wurzel

Anthony Zito

Oxford University Press

The European Union’s (EU) role in determining the overall goals and targets of environmental policy is widely understood. In contrast, the choices that underlie the patterns of policy instrument use have not been subjected to nearly as much analysis, even though the ability to select instruments constitutes the very essence of governing. This chapter explores what the (non) use of certain instruments in one important sub-area of policy (i.e. climate change) reveals about the EU’s capacity to function as a policy state. It confirms that the EU’s role is stronger in relation to the determination of objectives than the instruments to achieve them. If one is looking for examples of policy makers ‘governing by multiple instruments’ one should focus on national policy systems. There are conditions in which the EU is willing to actively explore and even adopt non-regulatory instruments, but they seem to appear relatively episodically. For various reasons, regulation seems very likely to remain the instrument of choice in EU environmental policy.

Keywords:   environment, policy instruments, climate change, regulation

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