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War by Contract – Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors - Oxford Scholarship Online
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War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Francesco Francioni and Natalino Ronzitti


The growth in scope and importance of the private military and security industry (PMSI) in the past decade has challenged the role of the state as the main provider of defence and security functions. At the same time it has put under stress the state's authority to properly oversee the conduct of private contractors and has raised the question whether existing rules of domestic law and international law are adequate to ensure their accountability in the event of abuses. This book addresses this second question through the lens of international human rights law and international humanitarian la ... More

Keywords: private military, security industry, human rights, international humanitarian law, accountability, civil remedies, criminal liability, civil liability, security, piracy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2011 Print ISBN-13: 9780199604555
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Francesco Francioni, editor
Professor of International Law and Human Rights and Co-Director of the Academy of European Law EUI
Author Webpage

Natalino Ronzitti, editor
Professor of International Law, LUISS University School of Law, Rome
Author Webpage

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Francesco Francioni, and Natalino Ronzitti

Part I Security and Policy Perspectives

Part II Human Rights

Part III International Humanitarian Law

16 Old Concepts and New Challenges

Marina Mancini, Faustin Z Ntoubandi, and Thilo Marauhn

Part IV Accountability and Responsibility of Private Contractors

Part V Criminal and Civil Liability of Private Military and Security Companies and their Employees

End Matter