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International Harmonization of Economic Regulation$
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Junji Nakagawa

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199604661

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.001.0001

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Harmonization of Standardization and Certification

Harmonization of Standardization and Certification

(p.105) 4 Harmonization of Standardization and Certification
International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Junji Nakagawa

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes international harmonization of product standards and accreditation (section 1) and of food safety standards (section 2), which are conducted by different standard setting bodies and regulated by separate Agreements of the WTO. While these standards are non-binding, leaving states with discretion as to whether to adopt them in domestic regulation, the WTO Agreements have added legally binding force by mandating members to base domestic standards on harmonized ones. This change and resulting public concern regarding the legitimacy of international harmonization have led to substantive reform of standard setting procedures and of the public information policy of standard setting bodies.

Keywords:   standardization, accreditation, ISO (International Organization for Standardization), Codex Alimentarius Commission, food safety standards, WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement), WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement)

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