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Erôs in Ancient Greece$
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Ed Sanders, Chiara Thumiger, Christopher Carey, and Nick Lowe

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199605507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605507.001.0001

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Eros in Hesiod

Eros in Hesiod

(p.163) 11 Eros in Hesiod
Erôs in Ancient Greece

Glenn W. Most

Oxford University Press

The role of Eros in Hesiod has been much studied, but still merits further consideration. Renewed close analysis of these very well-known texts — especially the creation of cosmic Eros, the birth of Aphrodite and of her companion Eros, divine reproduction with and without the participation of Eros, the family conflicts within the generations of the gods, the creation of Pandora, and the creation of the races of humans — reveals surprisingly systematic relations between the function and nature of Eros within the Theogony, within the Works and Days, and between both works; these suggest in turn that a coherent, if generally implicit, view of questions of divine and human sexuality and reproduction structures both divine and human history and governs the relations between them. Hesiod’s world turns out to be more systematic than is often thought, though much depends upon connections that are strong but only implicit.

Keywords:   Hesiod, Eros, cosmogony, Theogony, sexuality, reproduction, parthenogenesis

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