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European IntegrationFrom Nation-States to Member States$
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Chris J. Bickerton

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199606252

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606252.001.0001

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From Nation States to Member States: A Brief History

From Nation States to Member States: A Brief History

(p.74) 3 From Nation States to Member States: A Brief History
European Integration

Christopher J. Bickerton

Oxford University Press

The third chapter expands on this theoretical argument by developing a historical account of the shift from the national Keynesian state to the contemporary member state. It looks at the origins of the Keynesian consensus in the post-1945 period and studies in detail its conflicts and contradictions. It argues that the early period of European integration was a reflection of these contradictions but integration was constrained by the strength of state–society relations at the time. Political strategies beyond national frameworks were stillborn as the institutionalized role of organized labour in the Golden Age era gave cohesiveness to the nation state framework. The chapter goes on to look at the crisis of this framework in the 1970s and 1980s, the political resolution of the crisis, and its institutional legacy in the form of European integration.

Keywords:   Keynesian consensus, national corporatism, social crisis, governability, golden age

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