Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Machine in the TextScience and Literature in the Age of Shakespeare and Galileo$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Howard Marchitello

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199608058

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608058.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2020

Nature's Art

Nature's Art

(p.154) 6 Nature's Art
The Machine in the Text

Howard Marchitello

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of The Winter's Tale in which we see Shakespeare negotiating the art–nature contest in two complexly related moments. The first is Polixenes' declaration that “art itself is nature.” The second is the conjuring of Hermione's statue, a spectacular event that depends upon the logic of the trompe l'oeil figured not only in Giulio Romano's statue, but in the play itself, that contests Polixenes' “naturalness of art” argument. The chapter then shifts to the early modern garden and the response to the art–nature debate that emerges from within mid-seventeenth-century garden theory and practice. Focusing particularly on John Evelyn's Elysium Britannicum, this chapter argues that the early modern garden is an ideal locus for a consideration of the nature of nature for it is here that one witnesses a dismantling of the “naturalness of nature” argument and its replacement with the understanding of nature's artificial nature.

Keywords:   Shakespeare, art–nature, trompe l'oeil, John Evelyn, garden theory, emblem, George Wither, pastoralism, georgic, automata

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .