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Philosophers Past and PresentSelected Essays$
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Barry Stroud

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199608591

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608591.001.0001

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Perceptual Knowledge and Epistemological Satisfaction

Perceptual Knowledge and Epistemological Satisfaction

Chapter:
(p.322) 17 Perceptual Knowledge and Epistemological Satisfaction
Source:
Philosophers Past and Present
Author(s):

Barry Stroud

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608591.003.0018

This chapter examines Ernest Sosa's ‘externalist’ answer to the traditional epistemological question of how we know things about the world around us. It agrees with Sosa's rejection of ‘internalist’ theories for the reasons he gives, but expresses doubts about his own positive account of knowledge in terms of its being no accident or coincidence that one's belief is true. The difficulty does not lie in any circularity in the account but in Sosa's apparent concession that the most we can, strictly speaking, know by perception alone is ‘the character of our experience’ and not the way things actually are. Sosa regards that concession as in itself unthreatening if it is not combined with the further assumption made by ‘internalists’ that knowledge of the world is arrived at by reasoning from some prior knowledge, and eventually from what we get from perception alone. For Sosa it is enough for knowledge if it is no accident or coincidence that things are the way one takes them to be when ‘the character of one's experience’ is so and so. The chapter explains how and why a restricted account of perception that denies all purely perceptual contact with the way things are would leave us always in an unsatisfactory position for understanding our knowledge of the world and explaining it even to ourselves.

Keywords:   Ernest Sosa, externalist, internalist, knowledge, belief

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