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Piracy and Armed Robbery at SeaThe Legal Framework for Counter-Piracy Operations in Somalia and the Gulf of Aden$
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Anna Petrig and Robin Geiß

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199609529

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609529.001.0001

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Counter-Piracy Enforcement Powers and their Legal Constraints

Counter-Piracy Enforcement Powers and their Legal Constraints

(p.55) Part 3 Counter-Piracy Enforcement Powers and their Legal Constraints
Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea

Robin Geiß

Anna Petrig

Oxford University Press

Part 3 scrutinizes the scope of enforcement powers granted to States by Articles 110 and 105 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and by virtue of the various Security Council Resolutions. The guiding questions in this section are: What kind of enforcement measures are States currently allowed to employ? Against whom can these enforcement powers be used? What is the geographical scope of the enforcement powers now granted? In particular, is a coherent and uniform regime of enforcement powers in place or does it make a difference whether pirates and armed robbers at sea are pursued on the high seas, within Somalia's or other States' coastal waters or on the Somali mainland? Secondly, given that the Security Council has explicitly called for the use of shipriders in the present context, this rather novel mechanism is examined. Thirdly, the analysis aims to identify the applicable legal constraints that confine and regulate the execution of enforcement powers in relation to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia and in the larger Gulf of Aden region. In addition, the attribution of possible human rights violations in the United Nations-mandated multinational counter-piracy operations is considered.

Keywords:   United Nations, law enforcement, enforcement powers, Somalia, shipriders, human rights, couter-piracy operations

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