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Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle$
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A.W. Price

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199609611

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.001.0001

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Plato on Eudaimonia

Plato on Eudaimonia

(p.8) (p.9) A 1 Plato on Eudaimonia
Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

A. W. Price

Oxford University Press

In various Platonic dialogues we meet phrases like ‘first friend’, ‘be happy’, ‘doing well’ used to connote a final end of action. Related goods may be useful instruments (but their use needs to be guided by reason), or aspects of acting well. The final end of action is realized in action, and is not a consequence of action. eudaimonia is a goal set before each agent as soon as he starts to act; it is not chosen and cannot be renounced. This conception underlies the Socratic paradox, ‘No one does evil willingly.’ The value of acting well consists in order and structure, values also found in the universe outside the world of action.

Keywords:   eudaimonia, doing well, acting well, good, luck

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