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Making Minorities HistoryPopulation Transfer in Twentieth-Century Europe$
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Matthew Frank

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199639441

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 22 May 2022

Accomplished Facts

Accomplished Facts

Transfer and the Aftermath of the Second World War

Chapter:
(p.265) 7 Accomplished Facts
Source:
Making Minorities History
Author(s):

Matthew Frank

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639441.003.0008

This chapter first shows how ‘accomplished facts’—the wartime consensus on population transfer as much as developments on the ground—determined the outcome of the decision taken by the ‘Big Three’ at the Potsdam Conference in July 1945 to transfer German populations from east-central Europe. It argues that this was a political act of common endeavour, and one of the last such acts, in fact, of the wartime Grand Alliance, and one of the few decisions at Potsdam that was carried out in full. It then looks at how views of mass population transfer changed with its implementation. The focus here is on France and mass population transfer in central Europe. While sharing the concerns and increasing ambivalence of the other occupying powers towards the influx of millions of expellees into occupied Germany, the French seemed to draw different lessons and offer alternative answers to the problems mass transfer posed.

Keywords:   Potsdam Conference, population transfer, France, expellee, occupied Germany

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