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The Oxford History of Anglicanism, Volume 1Reformation and Identity c.1520-1662$
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Anthony Milton

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199639731

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639731.001.0001

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The Church of England and International Protestantism, 1530–1570

The Church of England and International Protestantism, 1530–1570

(p.316) 17 The Church of England and International Protestantism, 1530–1570
The Oxford History of Anglicanism, Volume 1

Diarmaid MacCulloch

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses England’s relationship to early Reformations in mainland Europe. Under Henry VIII England moved from Lutheranism towards central European movements which became Reformed Protestantism: Thomas Cromwell was decisive here, but the change became explicit under Edward VI. The strongest contacts were not with Geneva but Heinrich Bullinger in Zürich. Elizabeth I, perhaps against her personal inclinations, revived Edward’s Church (later assertions that it made concessions to Catholics are illusory), though the almost accidental survival of cathedrals created a contrary voice. Clashes with puritans were a debate within Reformed Protestantism, subsequently obscured by later divisions between ‘Arminians’ and ‘anti-Arminians’.

Keywords:   Book of Common Prayer, cathedrals, Heinrich Bullinger, Thomas Cromwell, Elizabethan Settlement, Henry VIII, Lutheranism, Reformed Protestantism, Richard Hooker, Zürich

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