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Remaking the British AtlanticThe United States and the British Empire after American Independence$
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P. J. Marshall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199640355

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 January 2021

The Politics of Trade

The Politics of Trade

(p.97) 5 The Politics of Trade
Remaking the British Atlantic

Peter J. Marshall

Oxford University Press

Commerce was the most contentious issue in Anglo‐American relations after the war. Americans regarded the development of a merchant marine and oceanic trade as essential elements of their independence. They hoped for a connection with Britain based on equality: Britain would have access to their market, while they would be able to trade freely throughout the British empire, especially with the West Indies. Britain hoped to recover American markets, but those who devised post‐war commercial policy were determined both to protect British shipping and to limit American maritime competition by excluding American ships from the West Indies and other British colonies. Negotiations with America for a commercial treaty were broken off. This situation was intensely resented in America. There were advocates in Britain of free trade with the Americans, but the exclusions remained the policy of the British government.

Keywords:   commerce, free trade, shipping, British empire, West Indies, markets

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