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Remaking the British AtlanticThe United States and the British Empire after American Independence$
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P. J. Marshall

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199640355

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.001.0001

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The Politics of Trade

The Politics of Trade

Chapter:
(p.97) 5 The Politics of Trade
Source:
Remaking the British Atlantic
Author(s):

Peter J. Marshall

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640355.003.0006

Commerce was the most contentious issue in Anglo‐American relations after the war. Americans regarded the development of a merchant marine and oceanic trade as essential elements of their independence. They hoped for a connection with Britain based on equality: Britain would have access to their market, while they would be able to trade freely throughout the British empire, especially with the West Indies. Britain hoped to recover American markets, but those who devised post‐war commercial policy were determined both to protect British shipping and to limit American maritime competition by excluding American ships from the West Indies and other British colonies. Negotiations with America for a commercial treaty were broken off. This situation was intensely resented in America. There were advocates in Britain of free trade with the Americans, but the exclusions remained the policy of the British government.

Keywords:   commerce, free trade, shipping, British empire, West Indies, markets

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