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The Ethics of Information$
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Luciano Floridi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641321

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641321.001.0001

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The ontological interpretation of informational privacy

The ontological interpretation of informational privacy

(p.228) 12 The ontological interpretation of informational privacy
The Ethics of Information

Luciano Floridi

Oxford University Press

The chapter is divided into two parts. In the first half I argue that (1) informational privacy is a function of the ontological friction in the infosphere, that is, of the forces that oppose the information flow within the space of information; that (2) digital ICTs affect the ontological friction by changing the nature of the infosphere; that (3) digital ICTs can therefore both decrease and protect informational privacy but, most importantly, they can also alter its nature, and hence our understanding and appreciation of it; and that (4) a change in our ontological perspective suggests considering a person as being constituted by his or her information and hence regarding a breach of one’s informational privacy as a form of aggression towards one’s personal identity. In the second half, I discuss four types of interesting challenges confronting any theory of informational privacy.

Keywords:   informational privacy, ontological friction, infosphere, personal identity, biometrics

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