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Hadrian's WallA Life$
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Richard Hingley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641413

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641413.001.0001

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Birdoswald: Scientific Archaeology

Birdoswald: Scientific Archaeology

(p.231) 12 Birdoswald: Scientific Archaeology
Hadrian's Wall

Richard Hingley

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores a programme of archaeological research conducted from the last decade of the nineteenth century to the 1940s. This work explored the date of construction, identity, and signature of these frontier works, by addressing the location, form, and sequence of the individual features of the frontier. R. G. Collingwood, one of the most influential archaeologists involved in this work, defined ‘The period of scientific excavation’ in his important article ‘Hadrian's Wall: A History of the Problem’, arguing that it commenced in 1891 and lasted until his own time. The chapter examines Collingwood's claim that archaeological studies of the Wall had become more professional and scientific. It also considers the extent to which the great era of excavation resulted in a philosophy of thought that has damaged subsequent research on the Wall.

Keywords:   archaeological research, R. G. Collingwood, Hadrian's Wall, excavation

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