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Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century GermanyFrom F.C. Baur to Ernst Troeltsch$
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Johannes Zachhuber

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

The End of the Idealist Programme

The End of the Idealist Programme

(p.250) 10 The End of the Idealist Programme
Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Johannes Zachhuber

Oxford University Press

The final chapter of the book argues that this major theological synthesis was strained from the beginning and that Ritschl’s own later development as well as the work of some of his most influential pupils can be understood as a process of giving up on that historical-systematic synthesis in favour of a variety of theologies, each maintaining and developing elements of Ritschl’s original system. The chapter falls into two parts: the former goes back over essential elements of Ritschl’s own thought to explore underlying tensions within his impressive system. The latter part engages with some of Ritschl’s students, J. Kaftan, W. Herrmann, W. R. Smith, A. Harnack, and E. Troeltsch to show how in their work these tensions come to dominate and mark the ultimate end of the idealist programme that Ritschl had meant to reform and continue.

Keywords:   A. Ritschl, J. Kaftan, A. Harnack, E. Troeltsch, W. R. Smith, historicism, teleology, individuality, study of religion, history of religions, progress, natural religion

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