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Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century GermanyFrom F.C. Baur to Ernst Troeltsch$
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Johannes Zachhuber

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.001.0001

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F. C. Baur’s Two Programmes of Scientific Theology

F. C. Baur’s Two Programmes of Scientific Theology

(p.24) (p.25) 2 F. C. Baur’s Two Programmes of Scientific Theology
Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Johannes Zachhuber

Oxford University Press

This chapter contains in essence an extended analysis of F. C. Baur’s writing Die christliche Gnosis published in 1835. In spite of its title it is his philosophy or religion. The chapter demonstrates that in this writing there are two different and conflicting models of relating historical and systematic theology. One of them may be called ‘idealist’; this assumes that ultimately the historical and systematic theology must be identical because history properly understood produces truth while truth itself is historical in character. The other may be called ‘neo-rationalist’; this comes to the fore wherever Baur does his actual historical work. Its underlying logic is that history is relativist and thus destructive of absolute truth claims.

Keywords:   F. C. Baur, Die christliche Gnosis, Gnosticism, gnosis, church history, philosophy of religion, matter, nature and spirit, dualism, Docetism, Christology, F. Schleiermacher, G. Hegel, history of religions

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