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Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century GermanyFrom F.C. Baur to Ernst Troeltsch$
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Johannes Zachhuber

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.001.0001

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A Manifesto of Tübingen Orthodoxy: Adolf Hilgenfeld

A Manifesto of Tübingen Orthodoxy: Adolf Hilgenfeld

(p.124) 6 A Manifesto of Tübingen Orthodoxy: Adolf Hilgenfeld
Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Johannes Zachhuber

Oxford University Press

This chapter, which forms the conclusion to Part 1, takes its starting point from a programmatic article written by Adolf Hilgenfeld in 1858 to sum up the historical and theological positions that had come to form the idea of wissenschaftlich theology in the Tübingen School. Hilgenfeld gives a historical and systematic summary of developments leading up to the rise of the scholarship of Baur and Strauss. His writing displays something of a Tübingen orthodoxy with its own genealogical narrative designed to show its superiority over against rival approaches. Notably, however, Baur’s ‘idealistic’ model of a unity of historical and systematic understanding of religion has completely disappeared in this account in favour of his second, ‘neo-rationalist’ programme based on a dichotomy of these two approaches.

Keywords:   A. Hilgenfeld, wissenschaftlich theology, F. C. Baur, D. Strauss, historical-critical exegesis, rationalism, supranaturalism, G.E. Lessing, I. Kant, German Idealism, myth, gospels

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