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Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century GermanyFrom F.C. Baur to Ernst Troeltsch$
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Johannes Zachhuber

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199641918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641918.001.0001

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Philosophical Insights and Influences

Philosophical Insights and Influences

(p.175) 8 Philosophical Insights and Influences
Theology as Science in Nineteenth-Century Germany

Johannes Zachhuber

Oxford University Press

This chapter contains a detailed examination of the philosophical ideas underlying Ritschl’s theology as well as their context in late idealist and post-idealistic philosophical debates in the 1840s and 50s. It explores in detail four main elements of Ritschl’s philosophical outlook, his ontology, his epistemology, his ethics, and his philosophy of religion. Their contextualization reveals the early Ritschl as being part of a substantial intellectual effort at that time to move beyond the rigidities of Hegel’s system while maintaining a broadly idealistic outlook. The final section seeks to identify his specific sources and demonstrates some unexpected parallels to the obscure philosophical movement of Speculative Idealism which in the 1840s sought for an alternative to Hegel’s system on the right.

Keywords:   A. Ritschl, nature and spirit, metaphysics, Idealism, A. Trendelenburg, H. Lotze, H.M. Chalybäus, Speculative Idealism, F. C. Baur, individuality, teleology, I. Kant, ethics, historicism

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