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Keys to JerusalemCollected Essays$
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Jerome Murphy-O'Connor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642021

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642021.001.0001

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Hierosolyma/Ierousalêm in Galatians

Hierosolyma/Ierousalêm in Galatians

(p.53) 3 Hierosolyma/Ierousalêm in Galatians
Keys to Jerusalem

Jerome Murphy‐O'Connor

Oxford University Press

One of the minor mysteries of Galatians is the shift from Hierosolyma in 1:17–18; 2:1 to Ierousalêm in 4:25–6. The silence of most commentators betrays their conviction that the variation is without significance. In fact, there is a real problem, if one thinks in terms of a single document and the absence of any explanation. There are certain commentators who recognize that this is a real question, but make no effort to answer it. A hypothesis begins to emerge if we look more closely at Pauline usage. Ierousalêm appears seven times distributed between three letters (Rom., 1 Cor., Gal.), whereas Hierosolyma is found three times and only in Gal. These simple statistics suggest that Ierousalêm was Paul's normal word for the Holy City, and that Hierosolyma is an exception that demands explanation.

Keywords:   Galatians, Hierosolyma, Ierousalêm, Paul

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