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Keys to JerusalemCollected Essays$
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Jerome Murphy-O'Connor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642021

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642021.001.0001

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What Really Happened at Gethsemane?

What Really Happened at Gethsemane?

(p.77) 5 What Really Happened at Gethsemane?
Keys to Jerusalem

Jerome Murphy‐O'Connor

Oxford University Press

The prayer of Jesus in Gethsemane is one of the most soul-wrenching episodes in the Gospels. If the Transfiguration presents Jesus at his highest, here we see him at his lowest. The story of Jesus' struggle in Gethsemane is told in Matthew 26:36–46, Mark 14:32–42, and Luke 22:39–46. The dominant hypothesis concerning the relationships between Matthew, Mark, and Luke claims that when an episode is narrated by all three Gospels Mark is the source, whereas an episode found only in Matthew and Luke goes back to another source called Q. This chapter suggests that if we are to discover what really happened in the garden (John 18:1) of Gethsemane we have to focus on Mark's narrative. It is characterized above all by doublets.

Keywords:   Jesus, prayer, Gethsemane, gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, doublets

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