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Keys to JerusalemCollected Essays$
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Jerome Murphy-O'Connor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199642021

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642021.001.0001

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The Location of the Capitol in Aelia Capitolina

The Location of the Capitol in Aelia Capitolina

(p.147) 9 The Location of the Capitol in Aelia Capitolina
Keys to Jerusalem

Jerome Murphy‐O'Connor

Oxford University Press

A recent study by Bernard Flusin of two documents dated to the end of the sixth century has reopened the debate concerning the location of the Capitoline temple in Aelia Capitolina. There is no doubt that the site identified as the Capitol is the present Haram esh-Sharif, because the mosque in question can only be that seen by Arculf on his visit to Jerusalem between 679 and 688. Cyril Mango immediately hailed the two Byzantine texts as the decisive confirmation of the assertion of Dio Cassius that the Capitoline temple dedicated to Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva was located on the esplanade of the great temple built by Herod the Great.

Keywords:   Bernard Flusin, Capitoline temple, Aelia Capitolina

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