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Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau$
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John Plamenatz, Mark Philp, and Zbigniew Pelczynski

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645060

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.001.0001

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Rousseau’s Conception of Freedom

Rousseau’s Conception of Freedom

(p.178) 12 Rousseau’s Conception of Freedom
Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Mark Philp

Z. A. Pelczynski

Oxford University Press

Plamenatz examines a range of different senses in which Rousseau uses the term freedom, drawing from across his works. While there are Hobbesian elements there are also commitments that Hobbes could not accept, such as the view that it consists in not subjecting others to one’s will, that freedom and independence are incompatible (with freedom of the social man, capable of morality, being contrasted with the independence of man in the state of nature), and that the social man must find some way of reconciling freedom with the dependence inevitable in society. Emile and hisSocial Contract offer contrasting accounts of this reconciliation.

Keywords:   Rousseau, freedom, independence, self-mastery, society, state of nature, social contract, Emile, self-love, reason, moral freedom, law

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