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Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau$
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John Plamenatz, Mark Philp, and Zbigniew Pelczynski

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645060

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Republics and Freedom

Republics and Freedom

(p.41) 3 Republics and Freedom
Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Mark Philp

Z. A. Pelczynski

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the republican dimension of Machiavelli’s political thought, and its relationship to The Prince. It argues that Machiavelli has a clear preference for republican rule, and republican freedom. Freedom is understood as active citizenship and self-government under the law, for which a condition is equal subordination to the state and the law. Machiavelli is not a liberal, he wants liberty for his people; he assumes national egoism. He admired courage, energy, and independence of mind–〈M〉all a part of virtue.

Keywords:   freedom, self-government, law, republicanism, liberalism, virtue, individualism, class conflict

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