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Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau$
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John Plamenatz, Mark Philp, and Zbigniew Pelczynski

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645060

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

Obligation, Law, and Covenant II

Obligation, Law, and Covenant II

(p.115) 8 Obligation, Law, and Covenant II
Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Mark Philp

Z. A. Pelczynski

Oxford University Press

The chapter examines Hobbes’s understanding of law and authority, crucially, the difference between laws of nature and civil law; it criticizes accounts that base obligation on God’s command; and argues that it is not having a common sovereign that makes a community, but their having rules to which they can appeal to–〈M〉the sovereign enforces, but does not create the obligation, and he enforces the law of nature, he does not create it. Moreover, Hobbes sees civil and natural law as mutually supportive.

Keywords:   Hobbes, laws of nature, law, obligation, command, God, sovereign, consent, power, authority, punishment, imprudence, injustice

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