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The Politics of the New Welfare State$
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Giuliano Bonoli and David Natali

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199645244

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645244.001.0001

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Adapting Labour Market Policy to a Transformed Employment Structure

Adapting Labour Market Policy to a Transformed Employment Structure

The Politics of ‘Triple Integration’

(p.134) (p.135) 7 Adapting Labour Market Policy to a Transformed Employment Structure
The Politics of the New Welfare State

Jochen Clasen

Daniel Clegg

Oxford University Press

Having mainly focused on the issue of activation in cash benefit systems alone, many recent analyses of labour market policy reform have failed to adequately grasp the fundamental transformation of core foundational principles and structures of the industrial-era welfare state that are evidenced by developments in this policy field in recent decades. This chapter documents this multi-faceted process of institutional realignment in the face of changing risk structures—which it calls ‘triple integration’—in the labour market policy reforms of a number of European countries since the 1990s. It argues that while a combination of institutional constraints, vested interests and the risk aversion of political actors have slowed processes of fundamental labour market policy realignment in some cases, these changes are also being driven forward by political opportunism and institutional spillovers. The chapter concludes that policy development in the field of labour market policy is less bound by historical legacies than has often been assumed.

Keywords:   labour market change, unemployment benefit, social assistance, active labour market policy, activation, institutional change

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