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Foundations of Metacognition

Michael J. Beran, Johannes Brandl, Josef Perner, and Joëlle Proust


Metacognition has been described as ‘thinking about thinking’, and metacognition research has become a rapidly growing field of interdisciplinary research in the cognitive sciences. There have been major changes in this field recently, stimulated by the controversial issues of metacognition in nonhuman animals and in early infancy. Consequently the question what defines a metacognitive process has become a matter of debate: How should one distinguish between simple minds that are not yet capable of any metacognitive processing, and minds with a more advanced architecture that exhibit such a ca ... More

Keywords: metacognition, cognitive science, comparative psychology, developmental psychology, philosophy, evolution of mind, self-reflection, self-evaluation

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199646739
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael J. Beran, editor
Senior Research Scientist, Georgia State University, USA

Johannes Brandl, editor
University of Salzburg, Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Humanities, Austria

Josef Perner, editor
Professor of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Austria

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On the nature, evolution, development, and epistemology of metacognition: introductory thoughts

Michael J. Beran, Johannes L. Brandl, Josef Perner, and Joëlle Proust

Section I Metacognition in non-human animals

Chapter 1 Evidence for animal metaminds

Justin J. Couchman, Michael J. Beran, Mariana V.C. Coutinho, Joseph Boomer, and J. David Smith

Chapter 3 Are birds metacognitive?

Kazuo Fujita, Noriyuki Nakamura, Sumie Iwasaki, and Sota Watanabe

Section II Metacognition in human development

Chapter 7 Metacognition in infants and young children

Beate Sodian, Claudia Thoermer, Susanne Kristen, and Hannah Perst

Chapter 11 Thinking about different types of uncertainty

S. R. Beck, E. J. Robinson, and M. G. Rowley

Chapter 12 Credulity and the development of selective trust in early childhood

Paul L. Harris, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro, and Fabrice Clément

Section III Functions of metacognition

End Matter