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An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics$
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Robert H. Swendsen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199646944

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.001.0001

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Classical Gases: Ideal and Otherwise

Classical Gases: Ideal and Otherwise

(p.71) 7 Classical Gases: Ideal and Otherwise
An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Robert H. Swendsen

Oxford University Press

This chapter applies the ideas developed earlier in Part 1 to derive an explicit expression for the entropy of a classical gas of interacting particles (both distinguishable and indistinguishable). The demonstration that the entropy of a composite system is a maximum in equilibrium leads to the second law of thermodynamics. The conditions for equilibrium in terms of partial derivatives of entropy lead to the zeroth law of thermodynamics.

Keywords:   entropy, partial derivatives, classical gas, equilibrium, thermodynamics, zeroth law

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