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The SelfNaturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance$
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Jonardon Ganeri

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199652365

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.001.0001

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A Theory of Self

A Theory of Self

(p.318) Conclusion: A Theory of Self
The Self

Jonardon Ganeri

Oxford University Press

In a full account of human subjectivity three distinct dimensions in the concept of self are in play, corresponding to three elements in the notion of ownership, each having a naturalistically legitimate role in any viable conception of self. There is an immersed self, the aspect of first‐person presentation in the content of consciousness, “ownership” here referring to a phenomenologically given sense of mineness. There is a participant self, the inhabitation of a first‐person stance, “ownership” involving the relations of involvement, participation, and endorsement that sustain autonomy. Finally, there is an underself, the procedural monitoring of all the states, autonomous or alienated, that one embodies, “ownership” now implying a relation of unconscious access to the content of one's states of mind. This book argues that the self is a negotiation between presented mineness and normative avowal, a transaction grounded in the unconscious mind. Immersion, participation, and coordination are jointly constitutive of self, the first‐person stance at once lived, engaged, and underwritten. And all is in harmony with an idea of the natural.

Keywords:   first-person presentation, autonomy, ownership, avowal, mineness, immersion, participation, coordination

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