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Locke's Moral Man$
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Antonia LoLordo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199652778

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652778.001.0001

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(p.103) 3 Rationality
Locke's Moral Man

Antonia LoLordo

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Locke's views on the cognitive capacities of animals and humans. Special attention is paid to the three components of rationality that are unique to us: abstraction, reflection, and suspension. The chapter explains Locke's notions of reason, reasonableness, and rationality; the relationship between reflection and consciousness; why abstraction, reflection, and suspension are components of moral agency; the normative sense of rationality; and what proper use of our cognitive capacities involves. It concludes by showing, contra Jeremy Waldron, that Locke has both religious and secular grounds for his conception of moral agency.

Keywords:   abstraction, animals, consciousness, rationality, reason, reasonableness, reflection, suspension, Waldron

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