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Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of FearFrom Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism$
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Marc Mulholland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199653577

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.001.0001

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Revolution, Restoration, and Reform

Revolution, Restoration, and Reform

(p.33) 2 Revolution, Restoration, and Reform
Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Marc Mulholland

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the French Revolution. Capitalist entrepreneurs were not forefront in promoting revolution. However, both the absolutist state and the bourgeoisie (mostly lawyers and journalists) aimed to re-establish government on the basis of commercial civil society. The revolutionary attempt to directly replace aristocratic ruling elites with the authority of the parliamentary National Assembly failed, and the army led by Napoleon Bonaparte filled the vacuum. After Napoleon's defeat, Britain's social compromise in the 1832 Great Reform act is discussed.

Keywords:   French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte, Bourgeoisie, Great Reform Act

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