Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of FearFrom Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Marc Mulholland

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199653577

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 February 2021

Capitalism and Socialism

Capitalism and Socialism

(p.113) 7 Capitalism and Socialism
Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear

Marc Mulholland

Oxford University Press

The political and social significance of the rise of ‘trusts’ and ‘cartels’ is evaluated, with the suggestion that capitalist ‘nouveau riche’ tended to meld with traditional landed and political elites into an ‘oligarchy’. The development of ‘militarism’ is principally attributed to the technical requirements of modern armaments where land-borders are relatively insecure. Traditional liberalism, suspicious of augmented state-power, was increasingly untenable in this environment – but liberalism evolved rather than simply collapsing. Nonetheless, radical democratic liberalism was clearly weakened, and into the space it vacated stepped a socialist workers’ movement in many countries. Socialists in the ‘Second International’, such as Wilhelm Liebknecht, Karl Kautsky, Eduard Bernstein, and Rosa Luxemburg, argued whether the labour movement had taken up the democratic cause abandoned by the bourgeoisie: but it was not clear, in fact, whether socialists had any better idea about how to force responsible constitutionalism onto semi-absolutist executive states.

Keywords:   cartels, trusts, militarism, Second International, Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Eduard Bernstein, oligarchy

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .