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External Influences on English – From its Beginnings to the Renaissance - Oxford Scholarship Online
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External Influences on English: From its Beginnings to the Renaissance

D. Gary Miller


From its Germanic roots on the Continent, English has had many influences from other languages. This work documents the main influences on the lexicon and the structure. The earliest contacts were with the Romans, when many words were borrowed by the Germanic tribes from Vulgar Latin. In the British Isles, Roman influence continued but the primary influence, though largely substratal, was from Brythonic Celtic. In the later period the Latin influence became largely literary. Meanwhile, Danes settled northeast England, and the contact situation there was complicated but the major result was a h ... More

Keywords: English, Romans, VUlgar Latin, Brythonic Celtic, East Norse, koineization, Old Jutland Danish, Greek, Germanic tribes

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199654260
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

D. Gary Miller, author
Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and the Classics, University of Florida