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External Influences on EnglishFrom its Beginnings to the Renaissance$
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D. Gary Miller

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654260

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.001.0001

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Celtic, Roman, and Germanic background

Celtic, Roman, and Germanic background

(p.15) 2 Celtic, Roman, and Germanic background
External Influences on English

D. Gary Miller

Oxford University Press

This chapter elaborates on the history of contact between the Germanic languages that made up Old English and the main languages in their environment from which words and other elements were transferred. The history establishes a timeframe for contact with pre‐Celts, Celts, and Romans, and discusses the nature of the evidence for the different types of contact. Toponyms figure prominently, as do specific structural convergences with Brythonic Celtic.

Keywords:   Germanic languages, pre-Celt, Celts, Romans, Brythonic Celtic, toponyms

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