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Arabs and Empires before Islam$
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Greg Fisher

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654529

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654529.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 May 2021

Ḥimyar, Aksūm, and Arabia Deserta in Late Antiquity

Ḥimyar, Aksūm, and Arabia Deserta in Late Antiquity

The Epigraphic Evidence

(p.127) 3 Ḥimyar, Aksūm, and Arabia Deserta in Late Antiquity
Arabs and Empires before Islam

Christian Julien Robin

Oxford University Press

The sources examined here describe the conquest of South Arabia and Arabia Deserta by Ḥimyar, and the relationship between Ḥimyar and the tribes of Arabia. The chapter also considers the role of Ḥimyar in the conflict between Rome and Persia, and provides an epigraphic perspective on famous events such as the massacre at Najrān in 523. The texts also shed light on the form of Judaism adopted by the kings of Ḥimyar in the fourth century, on the conflict between Ḥimyar and Aksūm, and on the rule of the last great king of Ḥimyar, Abraha. A number of these texts appear here in English translation for the first time.

Keywords:   Ḥimyar, Judaism, South Arabia, Najrān, Aksūm, Roman empire, Persian empire, Arabia Deserta, Abraha, Mecca

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