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Kayardild Morphology and Syntax$
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Erich R. Round

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654871

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654871.001.0001

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The clause and VP

The clause and VP

Chapter:
(p.87) 5 The clause and VP
Source:
Kayardild Morphology and Syntax
Author(s):

Erich R. Round

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654871.003.0005

Chapter 5 sets forth a formal analysis of inflectional features associated with full clauses and verb phrases (VPs). It examines sejunct and nonsejunct complementization and posits two complementization features, one of which blocks the realization of the other, and both of which attach to S-category nodes. Crucial evidence comes from topicalized and focalized DPs. Types of embedded S and VP and their permissible DP constituents are examined, with two new adverbial embedded VP types identified. Conditions on multiple verb heads are discussed, and arguments presented for the existence of two distinct verbal complement DP positions. An analysis of tense inflection motivates an articulated clause structure with features attaching, and DPs adjoining, at various heights. Arguments are furnished in defence of a syntactic analysis and against a diacritic analysis of the inflectional facts.

Keywords:   Kayardild, inflection, clause structure, embedding, concord, agreement, topicalization, focalization, tense, syntax

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