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The Emotional Power of MusicMultidisciplinary perspectives on musical arousal, expression, and social control$
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Tom Cochrane, Bernardino Fantini, and Klaus R. Scherer

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199654888

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654888.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

The tradition of ancient music therapy in the 18th century

The tradition of ancient music therapy in the 18th century

(p.315) Chapter 23The tradition of ancient music therapy in the 18th century
The Emotional Power of Music

Jackie Pigeaud

Kristen Gray Jafflin

Oxford University Press

The direct use of music in a medical context is the basis of the old tradition of music therapy, which underwent a radical gain of interest in the eighteenth-century. This social and cultural phenomenon is discussed in reference to three different traditions of music therapy, attributed to the traditional figures of Asclepius, Herophilus, and to the biblical narrative of Saul and David. Asclepius cured ‘frenetics’, (that is, the insane) with the aid of the symphonia, an instrumental musical composition. The physician Herophilus, the first to measure the pulse, found in the movement and regular beat of the body, the target of the efficacy of the music. Finally, Saul’s hypochondriac or hysterical condition found an effective relief in music, thanks to the ‘antagonism’ between the pathological condition of the soul and the equilibrating harmony of music.

Keywords:   Music, emotion, therapy, medicine, Asclepius, Herophilus, Saul, David

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