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Organizing Democratic Choice – Party Representation Over Time - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Ian Budge, Michael McDonald, Paul Pennings, and Hans Keman


This venture into democratic theory offers a new and reinvigorating thesis on how democracy delivers on its promise of public control over public policy. In theory, popular control could be achieved through a process entirely driven by supply-side politics, with omniscient and strategic political parties converging on the median voter’s policy preference at every turn. However, this would imply that there would be no distinguishable political parties (or even any reason for parties to exist) and no choice for a public to make. The more realistic view taken here portrays democracy as an ongoing ... More

Keywords: democracy, political parties, representation, public policy, popular preferences, policy congruence, policy bias, policy responsiveness, median voter, median citizen

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780199654932
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ian Budge, author
Emeritus Professor of Government, University of Essex

Michael McDonald, author
Professor of Political Science, Binghamton University

Paul Pennings, author
Associate Professor of Comparative Political Science, VU University, Amsterdam

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