- Title Pages
- Preface and Acknowledgements
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Chapter 1 Introduction
- Chapter 2 The Formative Years
- Chapter 3 ‘Together under the Name of Romans’
- Chapter 4 A New Provincialism
- Chapter 5 Shifting Fortunes
- Chapter 6 The Captive Body
- Chapter 7 Geopolitics
- Chapter 8 Recruitment and the Limits of Localism
- Chapter 9 Ethnic Exceptionalism?
- Chapter 10 Military Service and the Urban Experience
- Chapter 11 Incorporation through Routine
- Chapter 12 Sacred Space and Sacred Time in the <i>Auxilia</i>
- Chapter 13 Centralizing Cult
- Chapter 14 Distinct Cult Communities within the <i>Auxilia</i>
- Chapter 15 Armoury of the <i>Bricoleur</i>?
- Chapter 16 Status, Competition, and Military Adornment
- Chapter 17 Between Roman and Barbarian
- Chapter 18 Disarming Ethnicity?
- Chapter 19 The Spoken Word
- Chapter 20 The Written Word
- Chapter 21 <i>Veterani</i> and Other Veterans
- Chapter 22 Conclusion
The Spoken Word
The Spoken Word
- (p.300) (p.301) Chapter 19 The Spoken Word
- Blood of the Provinces
- Oxford University Press
The spoken word in Rome’s armies was, as it has been throughout history, a most sensitive barometer of social change and exchange. In the auxilia, as elsewhere in the Roman Empire, this was not just a matter of Latin and Greek, but of different forms of these two great classical languages and use of a multiplicity of other indigenous tongues. A particular challenge lies in the fact that our knowledge of daily speech is wholly dependent on archaeologically recoverable data and literary sources. It is nonetheless possible to examine within the context of the auxilia, two key themes of vital importance to the making of provincial society. These themes are the use of new technical vocabularies vital to the operation of Roman law and status divisions, and the evolution of local colloquialisms to allow communication between speakers of widely differing languages.
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