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Blood of the ProvincesThe Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans$
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Ian Haynes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.001.0001

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‘Together under the Name of Romans’

‘Together under the Name of Romans’

The Auxilia from Claudius to Trajan

(p.51) Chapter 3 ‘Together under the Name of Romans’
Blood of the Provinces

Ian Haynes

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the period from the death of Tiberius to the accession of Hadrian — an era that was marked by significant administrative and cultural developments within established provinces and the incorporation of new territories. It considers the relationship between these developments and the evolution of the auxilia. Several themes emerge strongly at this time, including greater standardization in the organizational sphere, the first issues of diplomas, and the growing number of citizens entering the alae and cohorts. The period is also marked by some major disturbances linked to the social impact of auxiliary recruitment. The implications of these revolts for our understanding of the dynamics of provincial incorporation are considered. Overall distinctions between the legions and the auxilia remain pronounced, but auxiliary units become increasingly powerful bodies, with strong identities, within Rome’s armies.

Keywords:   conubium, dediticii, discharge diplomas, peregrini, unit strengths, Valkenburg, Josephus, civil wars, Civilis Revolt, Conquest of Dacia

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