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Blood of the ProvincesThe Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans$
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Ian Haynes

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655342

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655342.001.0001

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How Rome Selectively Exploited the Manpower of the Provinces

(p.103) Chapter 7 Geopolitics
Blood of the Provinces

Ian Haynes

Oxford University Press

The way in which the auxiliaries were raised across the Empire reflects the diverse impact of incorporation. From the perspective of the authorities, it can be considered in two forms. Most accessible to enquiry is the issue of where regiments were raised. Here, unit titles often indicate the place of formation. More complex is the question of how to maintain units at full strength after they had been created. Analysis of the evidence suggests that while there were regions such as Thrace, which made a major contribution to both the creation of entire units and the ongoing supply of manpower, there were also regions such as the Iberian Peninsula, which went from being key providers prior to the Flavian period to becoming a minor source thereafter. This chapter outlines the different degrees that areas were tapped for their manpower and offers explanations for this variety.

Keywords:   ethnicity, tribal identity, mountain peoples, treaties, Batavians, royal armies, crisis recruitment, citizens

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