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Reluctant WarriorsRepublican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939$
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James Matthews

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655748

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.001.0001

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Mechanisms of Conscription

Mechanisms of Conscription

(p.34) 2 Mechanisms of Conscription
Reluctant Warriors

Matthews James

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes the methods the two sides used to conscript men in the territories they controlled and examines the process from call-up to placement in a combatant unit. The militia phase of the Spanish Civil War only lasted for the early months of fighting and both Nationalists and Republicans quickly realized the need to mobilize the male population under their control. Both sides operated almost identical recruiting methods during the civil war. The reasons for this are twofold. Firstly, a system of recruitment was already in place in Spain for mass conscription in the case of international war. It was practical for both sides to use existing structures to mobilize during the civil war. Secondly, and in contrast to the decentralized militia recruitment on both sides, professional military officers who had studied identical doctrines were responsible for mobilization.

Keywords:   recruitment methods, mass conscription, logistics, call-up, mass mobilization

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