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AlcoholScience, Policy and Public Health$
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Peter Boyle, Paolo Boffetta, Albert B. Lowenfels, Harry Burns, Otis Brawley, Witold Zatonski, and Jürgen Rehm

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199655786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 June 2021



(p.284) Chapter 35 Diabetes

Dolly Baliunas

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews evidence on the link between alcohol consumption and the risk for type 2 diabetes. The results of individual studies vary. Some studies have found a linear inverse relationship association between alcohol consumption and incidence of type 2 diabetes. In the Nurses’ Health Study, alcohol consumption was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes compared to abstention. The Health Professionals Follow-Up Study in males found a similar inverse association between alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes. The Physician’s Health Study corroborates that consumption of alcohol in men has an inverse linear association with type 2 diabetes. In contrast, Holbrook et al. found a positive association between alcohol consumption and incidence of type 2 diabetes in men. A study in middle-aged men who consumed a substantial amount of alcohol (greater than 21 drinks per week) found a 50% increase in relative risk of type 2 diabetes compared with their counterparts who drank up to one drink per week.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, alcohol intake, type 2 diabetes, disease risk

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