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A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders$
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Karestan C. Koenen, Sasha Rudenstine, Ezra Susser, and Sandro Galea

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199657018

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

Life course epidemiology of eating disorders

Life course epidemiology of eating disorders

(p.148) Chapter 13 Life course epidemiology of eating disorders
A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Karen S. Mitchell

Cynthia M. Bulik

Oxford University Press

Eating disorders (EDs) are thought to affect primarily Caucasian adolescent and young adult females. Study of men, older adults, and individuals from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds has been inadequate. Nationally representative studies have indicated that the female:male ED ratio is smaller than previously estimated, and there are fewer racial differences in the prevalence of EDs than previously believed. Risk factor studies have identified weight concerns, negative body image, dieting, negative affectivity, and low self-esteem as variables which increase risk for EDs. These factors may also be relevant to older populations. More research is needed on risk factors and interactions among genes and psychosocial variables across developmental periods. A life course approach to the epidemiology of EDs would allow for developmental, gender, and cultural differences in clinical presentation. Results would further our understanding of ED aetiology and could inform developmental and cultural tailoring of treatment for individuals of all ages.

Keywords:   eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, risk factors

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